Video: Martin Luther
In 1517 Martin Luther penned him famous 95 theses against the Roman heresy of indulgences and thereby he not only challenged the infamous indulgences salesman, Johann Tetzel, but also pope Leo X and his authority over the church.
In 1521 Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Church and considered an outlaw by the Holy Roman Empire. He nevertheless continued his efforts to expose the Roman Church and translated the Greek Bible into German which fueled the Reformation to new heights when the invention of the printing press allowed free distribution of Bibles and Biblical literature, which of-course exposed the Roman Catholic Church’s errors.
Luther’s writings circulated widely, reaching France, England, and Italy as early as 1519.